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油氣勘探向深層進軍
發布時間:2020-7-24

JINRI,GUOJIANENGYUANJUYINFA《2020NENGYUANGONGZUOZHIDAOYIJIAN》(JIANCHENG《YIJIAN》)。《YIJIAN》QIANGDIAO,YAODUOCUO BINGJU,ZENGQIANGYOUQIANQUANBAOZHANGNENGLI。QIZHONG,“JIADAYOUQIKANTANKAIFALIDU”BEILIEWEIRENWUZHISHOU。

“YOUJIAZHEMEDI,DAOGUOWAIMAIYOUJIUHAOLE,WEISHENMEHUANYAOQIANGDIAOYOUQIKANTAN?”MIANDUISHEHUISHANGCHUXIANDEZHONGZHONGZHIYI ,ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANYUANSHI、YEYANYOUQIFUJIJILIYUYOUXIAOKAIFAGUOJIAZHONGDIANSHIYANSHIZHURENJINZHIJUNDUI《ZHONGGUOKEXUEBAO》BIAOSHI,YOUQITONGLIANG SHI、SHUIYIYANG,YIJINGCHENGWEIRENLEISHENGHUOBIXUPIN,SHISHEJIGUOJIAANQUANDEZHANLVEWUZI。BAOZHANGGUOJIAYOUQIANQUAN,BUNENGGUANGKAOJINKOU,LIZU GUONEIJIADAKANTANKAIFALIDU,JIANGSHIGUOJIAZHANLVECENGMIANDEYIXIANGZHONGYAORENWU。

DUOWEIYOUQIKANTANZHUANJIADEGONGSHISHI,SHENCENG、SHENHAIHEYEYANYOUQIJIANGCHENGWEIWEILAIYOUQIKANTANDEZHUYAOFANGXIANG,JIANCHIGAO XIAOKANTANHEXIAOYIKAIFAYESHIYOUQICHANYEKECHIXUFAZHANDEBIRANXUANZE。


油氣勘探“由淺入深”

JIADAGUONEIYOUQIKANTANKAIFALIDU,CHIXUSHOUDAOXINGYENEIWAIDEGAODUGUANZHU。JINNIANLAI,ZHENGCEDEBUDUANJIAMAYI JIKANTANLINGYULVHUOJINZHAN,DOUWEIWOGUOYOUQIXINGYEZHURULEYIZHEN“QIANGXINJI”。SHENGLIYOUTIANDENGDUOGELAOYOUTIANCHANLIANGDEWENBUTISHENG,YEJI JIDIFAHUILE“YACANGSHI”DEZUOYONG。

“SHIJIEYOUQIZENGCHANGRENGCHUYUGAOFENGQI,WOGUOYOUQICHUCHANLIANGZENGCHANGTONGYANGCHUYUGAOFENGQI,ZHEYIGAOFENGQIGUJIJIANG YANXUDAO2050NIAN。”ZHONGGUOGONGCHENGYUANYUANSHI、SHIYOUDIZHIXUEJIAKANGYUZHUYUJI,2050NIANWOGUOYUANYOUCHANLIANGYOUWANGDADAO2.3YI~2.5YIDUN,TIAN RANQICHANLIANGGAODA3500YI~4000YILIFANGMI。

KANGYUZHUZAIJIESHOU《ZHONGGUOKEXUEBAO》CAIFANGSHIZHICHU,CONGQUANQIUYOUQIFAZHANDEQUSHILAIKAN,WEILAIWOGUOYOUQIKAN TANJIANGCONGDONGBUZHUANXIANGXIBU,CONGLUDIZHUANXIANGHAIYANG,CONGZHONGQIANCENGZHUANXIANGZHONGSHENCENGHECHAOSHENCENG。LINGWAI,SUIZHUKANTANKAIFALILUNFAZHANJIJISHUJIN BU,XIANGGENGSHEN、GENGGULAOCENGXIXUNZHAOYOUQIZIYUANYICHENGWEIYOUQIGONGSIDEZHONGYAOMUBIAO。

JUJIZHELEJIE,SHENCENGYOUQIZIYUANSHIJINSHINIANQUANQIUTANMINGCHULIANGDEZENGCHANGZHUTI,BUDUANTUPOYOUXIAOZIYUANBAOCHISHEN DUXIAXIAN。2008~2018NIAN,QUANQIUZAI4000MIYISHENDICENGXINZENGYOUQITANMINGCHULIANG234YIDUNYOUDANGLIANG,CHAOGUOTONGQIQUANQIUXINZENGYOUQICHULIANGDE 60%,YOUQIZHANTANZUIDASHENDUDADAO12869MI。

SHENSHUIYECHENGWEIJINQIYOUQIZENGCHUZHONGDIAN,ZHONGDAFAXIANZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIDAXIYANGLIANGCE、DONGFEI、DIZHONGHAIDENGBEIDONGLU YUANPENDI。2008~2018NIAN,QUANQIUHAIYUYOUQITANMINGCHULIANG217YIDUNYOUDANGLIANG,ZHANQUANQIUXINZENGYOUQITANMINGCHULIANG68%,QIZHONGSHENSHUI—CHAOSHENSHUI ZHANQUANQIUXINZENGKECAICHULIANG40%YISHANG。

JINZHIJUNBIAOSHI,WOGUOSHENCENGYOUQIKANTANYIJINGCONGGUOQUDE4000~5000MIKUOZHANDAO6000~8000MI。LINGWAI, 3500MIYISHENDEHAIXIANGSHENCENGYEYANQIHELUXIANGYEYANYOUJIANGSHIZHONGGUOYOUQIKANTANDEZHONGDIANTUPOLINGYU。

BUGUO,YONGCHUANGSHENCENGKANTANJINQU,DUIYUZHENGGEYOUQIXINGYELAISHUOYESHIYICHANG“JIXIANTIAOZHAN”。


攻克“卡脖子”技術

YOUQIKANTANDEZHENGGEGUOCHENGRUTONGYICHANGQIANJUNWANMADEXIETONGZUOZHAN,SHIGEFEICHANGDADEXITONGGONGCHENG。ERYAOXIANGXIANGDIQIUSHEN BUJINJUN,SHOUXIANJIUYAOMIANDUIGEZHONGGONGCHENGJISHUNANTI。

“SHENCENGYOUQIFENBUGUILVYUQIANCENGSHIBUYIYANGDE,SUIZHUMAIZANGSHENDUDEZENGJIA,YANSHIDEZHIMIXINGYEZAIZENGJIA。ERYAO XIANGGAOCHANHUANXUYAOYIZHENGTAOSHIYONGYUSHENCENGYOUQIKANTANDEZHANJINGJISHUHEYALIEJISHU,ZHEDUIWOGUOLAISHUO,CONGZHUANGBEIDAOJISHUDOUMIANLINTIAOZHAN。” JINZHIJUNTANYAN,YOUQIKANTANZUIHEXINDEXUANZHUANDAOXIANGZHANJINGXITONGJIUSHIWOGUOJIDAIGONGKEDE“KABOZI”JISHU。

XUANZHUANDAOXIANGZHANJINGXITONGSHIYIXIANGJIANDUANZIDONGHUAZHANJINGXINJISHU,ZHANTOUNENGGOUXIANG“TANCHISHE”YIYANGZAIDIXIAJIQIANMIJIAN YINGDEYANSHILIZIYOUCHUANXING,ZUIZHONGZHUNQUEMINGZHONGYOUQIZANGMUBIAO,ERZHEXIANGJISHUDEYAOQIUSHENZHIBIDAODANDEZHIDAOJISHUGENGWEIYANKE。

“DAODANDEJIEZHISHIKONGQI,JISUANHAOGEZHONGCANSHU,JIUKEYISHIXIANYOUXIAOKONGZHI。ERDIXIADEJIEZHISUISHIDOUZAIFASHENGBIAN HUA,ZHEDUIZHANJINGJISHUDEYAOQIUSHIJIGAODE。”JINZHIJUNBIAOSHI,MUQIANGUONEIDABUFENSHIZUYONGGUOWAIDESHEBEI,ZHEDUIYOUQIKANTANKAIFALAISHUO ZENGJIALECHENGBEN,YINCI,XIAYIBUXUANZHUANDAOXIANGZHANJINGXITONGJIANGSHIWOGUOBIXUGONGKEDEGUANJIANHEXINJISHUZHIYI。

CIWAI,DUIYUYEYANQIKANTANKAIFALAISHUO,ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANYUANSHI、ZHONGGUOSHIYOUDAXUE(BEIJING)JIAOSHOUGAODELIGAOSU《 ZHONGGUOKEXUEBAO》,YICONGSHISHUIPINGJINGWEIJIBENTEZHENGDE“JINGGONGCHANG”SHIGUONEIWAIYEYANQIGAOXIAOKAIFADEZHULIUGONGCHENGZUOYEMOSHI,ERYAOCHUANGJIAN DAXING“JINGGONGCHANG”,JIUBIXUTIAOZHANDAWEIYISHUIPINGJINGGONGCHENGZUOYEJIXIAN。

“ZAITEDINGDEZHUGUANHEKEGUANYUESHUTIAOJIANXIA,RENHEYIKOUSHIJINENGGOUJIANCHENGDEDAWEIYISHUIPINGJING,QIJINGYANCHANGDUDOUYOU YIGEKEYUNXUDEJIXIANZHI,WOMENCHENGZHIWEIDAWEIYISHUIPINGJINGYANSHENJIXIAN。”GAODELIZHICHU,MUQIANWOGUOYIJIANCHENGXUDUOXIAOXING“JINGGONGCHANG” (DUOWEI4JINGSHIHUO6JINGSHI),ZONGJIJIANCHENGLESHUBAIKOUYEYANQISHUIPINGJING,DANHUANMEIYOUYIKOUJINGSHISHANGSHUDINGYIDEDAWEIYISHUIPINGJING,CONGERYAN ZHONGZHIYUELEDAXING“JINGGONGCHANG”DECHUANGJIAN,JIXUTONGGUOJIAQIANGJIAOCHAXUEKEYANJIUXUNQIUKUAYUESHIJISHUTUPO。

GAODELIZHICHU,YOUYUJISHUZHUANGBEIDEFUZAXING、QIYEJINGYINGDEJINGJIXINGDENGZHUDUOYUESHU,MUQIANWOGUOGONGCHENGZUOYENENGLI HEJISHUZHUANGBEISHUIPINGYUGUOJILINGXIANSHUIPINGXIANGBIRENGCUNZAIJIAODACHAJU。


低成本技術是關鍵

“MEIYOUJISHUJINBU,JIUBUKENENGSHIXIANJINGJIYOUXIAODEKAIFA。”JINZHIJUNQIANGDIAO,DICHENGBENJISHUJIANGCHENGWEIZHENGGESHIYOU GONGYEXIAYIGEKEJIJINBUDEZHONGYAOFANGXIANG。

TABIAOSHI,ZHENDUIZHONGDICHENGSHU、GAONIANDU、DILIUDONGXINGYEYANYOU,WEILAIXUYAOYANJIUQIFUJIHELIUDONGJILI,JIANLIYI TAODICHENGBENDEDIXIAYUANWEIGAIZHIJISHU,BAOKUODIXIAYALIEJISHU、YUANWEIJIAREJISHU、FANGFUJISHUDENG。

JINZHIJUNTONGSHIZHICHU,YOUJIADIWEIBODONG,SHIBITUIDONGXINGYECONGGUOQUDE“ZIYUANKUOZHANGXING”JISHUJINBUZHUANXIANG“JIANGBEN ZENGXIAOXING”JISHUJINBU。ZAICIGUOCHENGZHONG,XINXIJISHUHERENGONGZHINENGZHENGZAIZHONGSUYOUQIGONGYEGEJU。

“GERENYUJI,RENGONGZHINENG、DASHUJU、QUKUAILIANJISHUWEIZHUTIDEXINYIDAIXINXIJISHUDEYINGYONG,KEYISHISHIYOUGONG YEDECHENGBENJIANGDI20%~30%。”JINZHIJUNSHUO。

KANGYUZHUYEBIAOSHI,WEILAIYOUQIKANTANXUYAOXINJISHU、XINCAILIAO、ZHINENGXINXIHUADENGKUAJIERONGHE,TONGSHIXUYAOJIADAHAI YANGHESHENSHUIYOUQIKANTANKAIFAJISHUHEZHUANGBEIDEYANFA。WOGUOYINGWEIRAOZHU2020~2035NIANGUOJIAYOUQIKANTANDEXUQIU,JUJIAOZHANLVEMUBIAO,TUCHU GONGGUANDEZHONGDIAN,TUPO“KABOZI”JISHU,YIKUAJIERONGHEXINGCHENGDIANFUXINGDEJISHU,CONGERZHANGWOZHANLVELINGYUHEXINGUANJIANJISHU。

GAODELIZEJIANYI,GUOJIAYINGJINKUAIJIANLIYITAOXIANJINDETIANRANQIKAIFALIYONGANQUANJIANKONGYUBAOZHANGTIXI(BAOKUOJISHUBIAO ZHUN、YUNXINGJIZHI、JIANGUANTIXIJIMUBIAOZERENDENG),QUEBAOTIANRANQIZAIZHANTAN、KAICAI、CHANGJULIGUANDAOYUNSHU、CHUCUNCHUBEI、WANGLUOSHUPEIJI ZHONGDUANSHIYONGDENGGEHUANJIEDEANQUANKEKAOXING,JINKENENGJIANSHAOHUOBIMIANTIANRANQIZHONGTEDAANQUANSHIGUDEFASHENG。

ERCONGGUONEIWAISHICHANGXUQIUCHUFA,GAODELIJIANYI,GUOJIATONGGUOZHENGCEYINDAOSHENZHIXINGZHENGTUIDONG,YIXIANYOUGUOJIAYOUQIJI TUANGONGSIDEXIANGGUANJISHUHERENLIZIYUANWEIJICHU,TONGGUOGUFENZHIZHONGZUDENGMOSHI,BINGCANKAOGUOJIZHUMINGDEYOUQIGONGCHENGJISHUFUWUGONGSIZAIYEWU JINGYINGHEZUZHIGUANLIDENGFANGMIANDECHENGGONGJINGYAN,JINKUAIJIANLIBINGPEIYUJUYOUGUOJIJINGZHENGLIDEYOUQIGONGCHENGJISHUFUWUGONGSI,BINGYUNXUYOULIANGGEYI SHANGDEDULIFARENQIYETONGSHICUNZAI,YIBAOCHIYOUQIGONGCHENGJISHUSHICHANGDEJINGZHENGHUOLI。

“ZHEYANGDEZHUANYEJISHUFUWUGONGSI,YINGJUYOUJISHUYANFAYUFUWUYITIHUAJISHICHANGJINGYINGGUOJIHUADEJIBENTEZHENG,YING YIGUOJIYILIUDETONGLEIJISHUFUWUGONGSIWEIZHUIGANMUBIAO,JINENGWEIWOGUOYOUQIGONGSI(HUOTOUZIZHUTI)ZAIGUONEIWAIDESHIYOUTIANRANQIKANTANKAI FATOUZIXIANGMUTIGONGQIANGYOULIDEJISHUZHICHENG,YOUNENGHUOQUJUEDEJISHUFUWUSHOUYI,LIQIUZHUBUXINGCHENGLIANGXINGXUNHUAN。”GAODELISHUO。



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